Worthwhile: Currency, Interest, and Redeemability
Money as Debt (video)
Gilligan's Corner: Canada’s Private Banks have no Reserve Requirements (read the comments too)
Steve Keen: The Roving Cavaliers of Credit
MacroMania: Fractional Reserve Banking
When trying to get information on the basic functions of the banking system and currencies, I am reminded that the web has a few disagreements, and can make things seem rather complicated.